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Revoking Executive Order 9066: Ford's "American Promise"
Primary Documents and Reports
Related Books and Articles
Why FDR Did What He Did
From U.S. News and World Report, this article "discusses the explanations offered regarding U.S. President Franklin Delano Roosevelt's decision to place Japanese Americans in internment camps during the Second World War."
EO 9066 in Oregon
A publication of the internees at the Portland Relocation Center. This camp newspaper was published twice weekly from May 19, 1942 until August 25th, 1942, when the internees were transferred to Idaho and Wyoming.
More information on the Evacuazette paper and the Portland Relocation Center can be found at the Oregon History Project's page.
Nisei Soldiers Break Their Silence by
Tells the story of Japanese Americans from Hood River, Oregon who served in the Armed Forces during World War II, even as their families were imprisoned in camps. Town leaders attempted to block their return after the war. Also available to read online as an eBook.
Oregon History Project: Japanese Evacuees in Portland
"In May 1942, Portland area Japanese Americans, both issei, or first generation, and nisei, or second generation, were evacuated to hastily-constructed temporary living spaces in what had previously been the Pacific International Livestock Exposition building in the north of Portland."
The Hood River Issei by
An oral history of Japanese settlers in Oregon's Hood River Valley, including the World War II years.
Minoru Yasui was a Japanese American who was imprisoned for breaking the curfew imposed on people of Japanese Ancestry. Yasui was born in Hood River, Oregon and spent his life working towards civil rights for all. In 2015, was awarded the Presidential Medal of Freedom for his devotion to human rights and equal treatment of Americans.
And then they came for us by
"In 1942, Executive Order 9066 paved the way for the profound violation of constitutional rights that resulted in the forced incarceration of 120,000 Japanese Americans. Featuring George Takei and many others who were incarcerated, as well as newly rediscovered photographs of Dorothea Lange ... brings history into the present, retelling this difficult story and following Japanese Americans as they speak out against the Muslim registry and travel ban"--Container.
Farewell to Manzanar (film)
The true story of the Wakatsuki family of Santa Monica, California, is told by Jeanne Wakatsuki Houston, who was seven years old when she and her family were taken by bus 250 miles to Camp Manzanar, near the High Sierras. The drama follows the family from their well-ordered, pleasant life in Santa Monica to the emotion-shattering experience of being uprooted and evacuated to camps. Based on the book by Jeanne Wakatsuki Houston and James D. Houston
From Prisoner to President in One Generation
More images can be found through the Japanese-American Internment pages at the Library of Congress and the National Archives.
Entrance to Manzanar, Manzanar Relocation Center
Wooden sign at entrance to the Manzanar War Relocation Center with a car at the gatehouse in the background. Image by Ansel Adams, 1943. From the Library of Congress collection.
Family in California
"The Shibuya family are pictured at their home before evacuation. The parents were born in Japan and came to the US in 1904. The father built a prosperous business of raising select varieties of chrysanthemums which he shipped to Eastern markets under his own trade name. Six children in the family were born in the United States." From the National Archives
Coal Crew in Wyoming
"It takes approximately four carloads of coal a day to provide heat for residents at this Wyoming relocation center during the cold winter months. Here a crew of men load trucks from the coal gondola for delivery to barracks." From the National Archives
Memoir and Poetry
Stubborn Twig by
This Oregon Book Award winner is set in Hood River, Oregon and is "the story of one Japanese American family's century-long struggle to adjust, endure and ultimately triumph in their new country."
May Sky by
"The dark time in American history of the arrest and internment of Japanese American citizens is here presented in terms of the important cultural activity of the haiku clubs."
Only What We Could Carry by
"Personal documents, art, propaganda, and stories express the Japanese American experience in internment camps after the bombing of Pearl Harbor."
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