Climate Change (old guide)

Provides resources on climate change and global warming from the perspective of the disciplines of science, social science and humanities.

Researching climate change denial

Those who question the scientific consensus that climate change is happening as a result of human actions include a range of voices and perspectives:

  • Respected scientists (approximately 3%) who have expressed skepticism that current data is sufficient for making conclusive decisions.  
  • Fossil fuel industry representatives, and researchers whose studies are designed and funded by these groups
  • Conservative, small government advocates who are opposed in principle to the large scale governmental actions that climate activists call for to respond to the threat.  
  • Individuals who receive their information from misleading/uninformed news and social media sources 
  • Individuals who respond to frightening or unpleasant news with defense strategies such as denial
  • Conspiracy theorists who maintain that "global warming hysteria" is a hoax designed to forward the goals of a "deep state" clandestine network.   

Here are some prominent climate skeptics:

To find web sites representing the more extreme views of climate change denial or skepticism, search for the terminology used by these groups:

  • global warming (or climate change) hysteria
  • global warming (or climate change) alarmist
  • global warming (or climate change) myth
  • global warming (or climate change) hoax
  • global warming (or climate change) junk science

Taxonomy of climate contrarian claims

Source: Coan, Travis, et al. “Computer-assisted Detection and Classification of Misinformation About Climate Change.” SocArXiv, 9 Mar. 2021.

Climate denial web resources

The Yale Climate Opinion Maps provides a comprehensive look at American opinions on global warming, including its causes and policy implications.  The data can be viewed by region, down to the congressional district level.  Interactive maps are available.  

Examples of climate change denial

"Climate ‘Emergency’? Not So Fast" published in the conservative magazine National Review, April 2021, by Dr. Richard Lindzen and Dr. William Happer. Both are respected scientists labeled as contrarian for the very high bar they set to accept that a scientific consensus has been reached.  For example, Dr. Lindzen also claims among other things that lung cancer is weakly linked to smoking, and Dr. Happer denied that the ozone hole causes risks.

Debunking climate denial myths

Books and ebooks

Recommended viewing: "Merchants of Doubt" (52 minutes)


Inspired by the acclaimed book by Naomi Oreskes and Erik M. Conway, MERCHANTS OF DOUBT takes audiences on a satirically comedic yet illuminating ride into the heart of conjuring American spin. Filmmaker Robert Kenner lifts the curtain on a secretive group of highly charismatic, silver-tongued pundits-for-hire who present themselves in the media as scientific authorities - yet have the contrary aim of spreading maximum confusion about well-studied public threats ranging from toxic chemicals to pharmaceuticals to climate change. View here