COMM 111 Arakaki Spring 2022: Citing Your Sources
We cite to:
- Avoid plagiarism – give credit where credit is due
- Allow our reader to follow up on points that interest them
- Give our writing more credibility
- Help our reader see how we came to our conclusions
When Should You Cite?
Academic research requires that you give credit for others’ work. You should identify and give credit to the work of others when you:
- Use a direct quote
- Make a claim that might be challenged/questioned
- Paraphrase of the ideas of another person
- Offer an expert opinion
It is not necessary to give credit for commonly known facts or expressions.
Cite Your Sources in APA
Why cite your sources?
When you use someone else's words, ideas, or images in your writing, you need to give them proper credit. Providing a citation or reference enables others to locate these sources, too! View this sample APA paper to see how citations and formatting are done.
Resources for creating APA-style citations
Free citation creation tools to help you generate APA-style citations:
- Generate citations and bibliographies by pasting a URL or searching for a resource by title
- Covers APA 6 & 7
- Copy and paste citations, download them as a Word doc, save them to Google Drive, print, or email them to yourself
- NCSU Citation Builder
- Simple citation builder for some digital and print materials
- Covers APA 6
- Copy and paste your generated citation into your bibliography
- Calvin College's Knight Cite
- Build citations for a wide range of resources in print, digital, multimedia, and communication
- Covers APA 6
- Create a free Knight Cite account to save citations and export them to Word or RTF document
Need help with hanging indentation?
- Here is a link to a short video tutorial for hanging indentation formatting in Word.
- Here is a link to a short video tutorial for hanging indentation formatting in Google Drive/Docs
MLA or APA Citations
Proper citations have to be written according the rules of a citation format.
- Sources cited are only those sources you actually refer to in your speech. You will likely consult many more sources than you cite in your speech.
- Email articles you’re interested in to yourself from the databases; depending on the database the email will include a citation in MLA or APA format or will at least include all of the information you will need to create your citation.
- Consult the library for examples and guides: http://www.pcc.edu/library/research/how_cite.html